O-Ring or Gasket: How to Know Which Seal is Ideal for Your Application?
Both O-rings and gaskets serve a similar purpose, i.e. a sealing solution against gas or liquid in certain applications. However, they vary in design and appearance as they are used for different environments.
When opting for a seal, how to know if an O-ring or a gasket is appropriate for your application? In this blog, we will list the differences between both the seals so that you can make the right decision.
The Fundamentals of O-Ring Seals
As the name suggests, O-rings are ring-shaped, round seals that fit perfectly in a groove between two sections that are cylindrical in shape. The compression between the two sections allows the O-ring to create a liquid or air-tight seal. Normally, o-rings are durable enough to withstand vibration and pressure within their applications.
Moreover, it’s easy to design O-rings for both dynamic and static applications. O-rings can also be customized in thickness, flexibility, and size, depending on the design and application.
Some common applications of O-rings are as follows:
- Fuel systems
- Heating, ventilation, & air conditioning
- Medical & pharmaceutical
- Pipe joints
Features of o-rings are as follows:
- Standard & non-standard sizes range from 1.5 mm-1200 mm diameter
- Cryogenically de-flashed
- Temperature range: -60 ° C / + 320 ° C
The Fundamentals of Gasket Seals
While O-rings vary in thickness and are usually round, gasket seals are flat and sit perfectly between flat surfaces. These seals are circular and can be dissected into almost any shape, such as rectangle, square, triangle, or other complex shapes. Gasket seals are created with flexible materials. However, based on specific requirements, gasket seals can be designed with tough materials as well.
Some common applications of gaskets are as follows:
- Filtering/lubrication piping
- Air intakes
- Pans and covers
- Electrical motors
- Turbo outlets
- Cooling systems
- Telecommunication devices
Features of gaskets are as follows:
- Impact shock resistant
- Vibration resistant
- Organic & inorganic fluid resistant
- UV & Infrared resistant
- Resistant to high temperatures (Up to 315°C)
- Organic and inorganic chemical resistant
- Minimum compression set
Selecting the Ideal Seal for Your Application
As you can see, both gaskets and O-rings are dependable seals, but their differences make them appropriate for various environments. For high-pressure applications, o-rings are the perfect choice to go with as they can withstand extreme pressure without failing. While both seals can perform in a wide temperature range, gaskets are ideal for environments subjected to extreme temperatures.
Another important deciding factor is the shape of the seal. Gaskets can be manufactured to fit almost any shape. O-rings, on the other hand, require a groove and are best suited for circular joints.